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creeping thistle uses

It is an invasive weed native to Europe and Asia. A widespread and common thistle, the Spear Thistle has the classic thistle appearance – purple, fluffy-looking flowers sitting atop a spiny ball and may well have given rise to the Scottish national emblem. Growing form: Perennial herb. About The Creeping thistle is our most common species of thistle and can be found on disturbed and cultivated ground, such as rough grassland, roadside verges and field edges from June to October. It is the commonest perennial weed of grassland on beef and sheep farms especially on older sward and in soils with low phosphate or high potassium levels. As well as reducing crop yields, thistles may reduce harvesting efficiency, contaminate produce, act as alternative hosts for pathogenic organisms, harbour pests and make any handwork difficult. long achene, tip with thickened ring and feathery hairs. Single flower-like 1.5–2.5 cm (0.6–1 in.) The male flowers produce abundant pollen. Canada Thistle produces flowers from about June until August. Its seeds are eaten by numerous species of songbirds. The generic name Cirsium is derived from the Greek word kirsos which means 'swollen vein' (Clark, 1998). Thistle is the common name of a group of flowering plants typically characterised by leaves bordered with sharp prickles, mostly belonging to the family Asteraceae. ________________________________________________________. arvense, which has glossy leaves and is delicately spiny, while rarer var. Its creeping roots enable it to quickly spread across an area, forming large colonies. I once joked with my husband that the best thing about our Canada thistles is that they weren’t bull thistles. Melancholy Thistle, The upper surface ranges from dark green to light grey. The efficient cleaning of seed has slightly curtailed its victory march across cultivated land, however. A polymorphic species[17]. That provoked King Haakon of Norway and in the late summer of 1263 he set off for the Scottish coast with a large fleet of long ships, intent on conquering the Scots. Succeeds in any ordinary garden soil in a sunny position[200]. That innocent-looking thistle flower matures into a seed-producing machine. Spear Thistle flower buds surrounded by yellow-tipped spines. Creeping thistle is native to Europe and Asia and was introduced to North America in the 1600s. Poisoning: Plumeless thistle may accumulate nitrates, but it is unpal-atable to livestock. The most common thistle species, Canadian or creeping thistle (Cirsium arvense), is found throughout the U.S. Good to Know, How Thistle Grows. Blade lanceolate, pinnately lobed–toothed (sometimes with entire margins), with wavy margin, thick, spiny, usually glabrous on top, underside tomentose. Effect of mowing a legume fertility-building crop on shoot numbers of creeping thistle (Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop.). It appears resistant to herbicides and readily regenerates from rhizome fragments caused by ploughing. His shout warned the Scots who defeated the Norsemen at the Battle of Largs, thus saving Scotland from invasion. By following some rules of plant cultivation, in combination with direct methods, it can be effectively controlled. Compositae---Synonym---Way Thistle.---Parts Used---Root, leaves.Carduus arvensis, the Creeping Plurne Thistle, or Way Thistle, has many varieties.It is found in cultivated fields and waste places, and is … Leaves: Alternate, usually stalkless, slightly amplexicaul. This variety of thistle grows by spreading, giving it the nickname creeping thistle. © Copyright: Images: Jouko Lehmuskallio. Creeping thistle foliage is used as a food by over 20 species of Lepidoptera, including the painted lady butterfly and the engrailed moth, and several species of aphids. Stems are smooth and spineless. From an agriculturalist’s point of view, the most common thistles are regarded at best as troublesome weeds and at worst as noxious ones. (When we first moved here, the place was overrun with thistles. Wildflowers Of WisconsinWild… This species may be confused with the Welted Thistle – Carduus crispus but can be distinguished by its feathery seeds. Florets are reddish purple and anthers are blue-purple. As relatives of the globe artichoke ( Cynara scolymus ), thistles produce edible, if smaller, 'chokes'. It is an invasive weed native to Europe and Asia. It can tolerate very low temperatures but is less successful in hot dry conditions. Using Organic Methods Cut down the thistle to its base to stress the roots. History American Indians used a tea made from the roots of Canada thistle as a tonic for the intestines and as a treatment for worms (Foster & Duke 1990) Current Medicinal Uses The stem is winged and spiked. Perhaps one of the most noxious weeds in the home garden, Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense) has a reputation for being impossible to get rid of.We won’t lie to you, Canada thistle control is difficult and requires a significant amount of effort to be successful, but the effort you put into controlling Canada thistle will pay off when you have a garden that is free from this annoying weed. : Disturbed and cultivated land such as pastures, meadows, roadsides, arable fields, gardens, brownfield sites and waste ground. Leaves are generally oblong with edges that are lobed and spiny. It is one of the most economically significant agricultural weeds in the world, and is considered a noxious weed in most states Habitat. Marsh Thistle, An organic poison ivy killer, vinegar is a great way to eliminate weeds on contact, especially when combined with other helpful ingredients like dish soap and salt.While higher concentrations of vinegar work best, such as horticultural vinegar with 20% acetic acid content, cider or white vinegar work just as well.. Spray the weed once a week until the plant dries out completely. Creeping Thistle foliage is used as a food by over 20 species of Lepidoptera, including the Painted Lady butterfly and the Engrailed, a species of moth, and several species of aphids. The seeds are an important food for the goldfinch and the linnet, and to a lesser extent for other finches. (Kasviatlas, University of Helsinki). In 1470 that King James III ordered that the image of this plant’s flower be placed on silver coins and also then a little later In 1540, King James V established the Order of the Thistle, a high chivalric order of Scotland. Each can produce between 1,500 … Spear Thistle, Alpine Saw-wort, Brown Knapweed, Cabbage Thistle, Carline Thistle, Cornflower, Cotton Thistle, Curled Thistle, Giant Knapweed, Greater Burdock, Greater Knapweed, Lesser Burdock, Lesser Knapweed, Marsh Thistle, Melancholy Thistle, Milk Thistle, Musk Thistle, Perennial Cornflower, Persian Cornflower, Russian Globe Thistle, Spear Thistle, Welted Thistle, Wig Knapweed, Wood Burdock, Woolly Burdock. Stem branching from top, wingless, glossy, woolly at top, sometimes densely spiny (var. The fibre is about 0.9mm long. Generally, new shoots begin to form in January. The leaves are waxy and end in sharp “spear-like” prickles which are tipped with yellow. The different species are all edible and have similar uses. Uncategorized December 2, 2020 Leave a comment December 2, 2020 Leave a comment Gales and fierce storms forced some of the ships onto the beach at Largs in Ayrshire, and a Norwegian force was landed. The species spreads by creeping roots which in turn causes Canada thistle to often form dense patches. Canada thistle (note that it's NOT 'Canadian' thistle) is in the family Asteraceae. Creeping Thistle or Cirsium arvense grows erect, spineless stems from a creeping rootstock. Wet habitats, woodland clearings, wet ditches and marshes. Flowerheads are pale lilac in colour and up to 2cm across. As with other thistles, it can become a nuisance on agricultural land and is often considered to be a weed. Other: Plumeless thistle is an aggressive weed and is similar to the closely related musk thistle. Seed production per plant may vary from 1,600 to 8,400 seeds. THISTLE, CREEPING PLUME Botanical: Carduus arvensis Family: N.O. These are a defensive adaptation that protects the plant from being eaten by most herbivorous animals. Plants are often dioecious[17]. Flowerheads are usually purple, 10 to 15 mm across and held in clusters of 2 to 8. As mentioned earlier, they thrive in disturbed soils.) rough grassy places : pastures, meadows, roadsides, arable fields, gardens, brownfield sites and waste ground. Stems are winged and spiny. This thistle, seen throughout Scotland and the Western Isles has been Scotland’s national emblem for hundreds of years. Most seed is dispersed less than 2 m from the parent plant and only 10% travel more that 32 m after reaching higher air currents. This robust thistle can reach between half and over a metre in height under favourable conditions. Search for: creeping thistle medicinal uses. Height: 40–120 cm (15–50 in.). The fibres are cooked with lye for two hours and then put in a ball mill for 3 hours. Capitula solitary terminating stem branches or borne in a lax corymbose cluster. Male plants’ capitula rounder and shorter than female’s. Most weeds respond well to this recipe and die quickly. Search for: creeping thistle medicinal uses. The most common thistle species, Canadian or creeping thistle (Cirsium arvense), is found throughout the U.S. Good to Know, How Thistle Grows. Medicinal Uses of Bull Thistle. At one time, Scotland was part of the Kingdom of Norway although it attracted very little interest until 1263 when King Alexander III proposed to buy back the Western Isles and Kintyre from the Norse King Haakon IV. When creeping thistle runs wild in a field it reduces the size of the crop and gives farmers grey hairs – it is regarded as one of the most pernicious weeds in the temperate zone because, apart from using powerful chemicals on it, there is not much that can be done. A number of different thistle species are listed in Hartwell' s Plants Used Against Cancer, for cancer of the breast and nose, edematous tumors, and scirrhus. It is one of our most widespread and troublesome weeds and is listed as a noxious weed in Britain under the 1959 Weeds Act, although to little effect. A decoction of the roots has been used to treat worms in children. These stems produce wavy leaves that look similar to the leaves of Dandelions, except they’re spiky and … It spreads over a wide area via buds in its rootstock, and even half a centimetre of root is enough to give rise to a new plant. The under surface is green. More seeds are produced when ample soil moisture is available during the growing season. Pulling the dead plant up by hand ensures that it does not grow back in the same place. The rootstock is 10–50 cm (4–20 in.) Prickles or spines are not always confined to the margins of leaves, often occurring all over the plant on surfaces such as those of the stem and the flat parts of leaves. [27] [28] [29] The flowers are visited by a wide variety of insects such as bees, moths, wasps and … Creeping Thistles The most common species of Thistle found in lawns. Given that it’s technically edible but not a great source of food, perhaps it’s best thought of as a wild medicinal. deep, affording it good protection against poison and other repellents. Small birds, and in particular Goldfinches, feed on the seeds of this plant. Capitula’s ray-florets lacking; disc florets light purple, tubular. It is also a very valuable source of nectar, pollen and seed food for many insect specicies. In pastures and meadows, thistles reduce grazing utilization, cause ulceration of sheep’s mouths and spread of the disease orf an… This variety of thistle grows by spreading, giving it the nickname creeping thistle. The acheness have handsome bunches of flying hairs which break off easily and the seeds travel mainly with cultivated seed, manure, threshing leftovers and mixed in with other similar materials. Proceedings of the UK Organic Research 2002 Conference, Aberystwyth, 225-226. The flowerheads provide nectar and pollen for a wide variety of insects. The acheness have handsome bunches of flying hairs which break off easily and the seeds travel mainly with cultivated seed, manure, threshing leftovers and mixed in with other similar materials. Prickles or spines are not always confined to the margins of leaves, often occurring all over the plant on surfaces such as those of the stem and the flat parts of leaves. Flower: Plant mostly dioecious (male and female flowers on different plants). The thistle is also the emblem of Encyclopaedia Britannica, which originated in Edinburgh, Scotland. Creeping Thistle is a native, perennial, rhizomatous herb, which forms extensive spreading patches and grows up to 2m+ in height. The creeping thistle is a pernicious garden weed, spreading freely from its aggressive root system[17, K], It can quickly form dense clumps of growth and really does not need to be introduced into the garden. Uncategorized December 2, 2020 Leave a comment December 2, 2020 Leave a comment The more the land is disturbed, the more pieces the root is broken into, and the more new shoots appear. Fruit: Flattened, glossy, yellowish brown, 3–4 mm (0.12–0.16 in.) Leaves. Name also: Field Thistle, Canada Thistle, Canadian Thistle, Way Thistle, Family: Daisy Family – Compositae, subfamily Carduoideae. An aggressive spreader with spear-like foliage topped with pointy, barb-like hairs, this invader does its very best to intimidate. The generic name Cirsium is derived from the Greek word kirsos which means 'swollen vein' (Clark, 1998). The fragrant female flowers are insect pollinated but the pollinators may only visit one type of flower. Its creeping roots enable it to quickly spread across an area, forming large colonies. Canada thistle has small flowers and long triangular-shaped leaves with pointy tips on the end. Uses and Values: Plumeless thistle is an important plant for bu ©er-flies. Bull thistles (Cirsium vulgare) are exactly that – bullish. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Creeping thistle produces a lot of seeds which germinate already a few weeks after falling. Westmacott, writing in 1694, says of this Thistle: 'It is a Friend to the Liver and Blood: the prickles cut off, they were formerly used to be boiled in the Spring and eaten with other herbs; but as the World decays, so doth the Use of good old things and others more delicate and less virtuous brought in.' Bumblebee on male flowerheads which are rounder in shape than female ones. capitula surrounded by involucral bracts. Creeping thistle’s reputation as a weed often overshadows its diversity. Seeds ripen from June to September and are shed from August onwards. Cabbage Thistle, Family: Asteraceae; Flowering: July to September; Habitat: It has been chewed as a remedy for toothache. The Creeping thistle is our most common species of thistle and can be found on disturbed and cultivated ground, such as rough grassland, roadside verges and field edges from June to October. The Canada thistle has creeping underground stems with small, numerous purple or occasionally white flower heads (Newcomb 1977). Other Uses:Thistle down can be used as tinder to start camp or woodstove fires in woodstove. The time from flowering to seeds becoming viable is around 8-10 days. → Distribution map He and his 12 knights each wore a badge depicting a star, a thistle and the words “no one harms me without punishment.”. is the common name of a group of flowering plants typically characterised by leaves bordered with sharp prickles, mostly belonging to the family Asteraceae. Stamens 5. The most common form in Finland is var. Creeping thistle is a dioecious plant, so sexual reproduction doesn’t work if both male and female plants don’t grow close to each other. Each can produce between 1,500 … These are a defensive adaptation that protects the plant from being eaten by most herbivorous animals. However, ecologically, the leaves of some species provide a valuable food source to the larvae of a number of lepidopterae species and he flowerheads supply pollen and nectar to an array of adult insect species. Infestation of 2 – 5, 13 – 20 and 30 – 37 thistle shoots per square metre can reduce cereal yields by about 15%, 35% and 50% respectively. Sure, it has attractive purple blooms, but don’t be fooled. are usually purple, 10 to 15 mm across and held in clusters of 2 to 8. A biennial, medium to tall plant reaching to 1.2 metres, stems spiny-winged to the top, sometimes branched above. Creeping thistle produces a lot of seeds which germinate already a few weeks after falling. There are several versions as to how the thistle became Scotland’s symbol, most are set around the reign of Alexander III (1249-1286) and in particular the events surrounding the Battle of Largs in 1263. There may be 20 to 200 seeds in each flower head and an average of 680 seeds per stem. The thistle, crowned with the Scottish crown, was the symbol of seven of the eight former Scottish Police Services (from which a new national Police Service was formed in 2013), the sole exception being the former Northern Constabulary. Homemade Herbicide Canada thistle (note that it's NOT 'Canadian' thistle) is in the family Asteraceae. Canada thistle has been used by native peoples in the northeastern United States in remedies for worms and poison-ivy (Toxicodendron radicans) and was used to make a mouthwash for children, a treatment for tuberculosis (Duke 1986, cited in ), and a tonic for gastrointestinal ailments . 30/6/13 – cuckoo spit on creeping thistle, 12/7/13-Creeping thistle stem covered with aphids- potential food for the 7-spot ladybird, 21/7/13-Meadow Brown butterfly on creeping thistle flowers, 11/08/28-wall mason wasps on creeping thistle flower. It also grows vigorously, in fallow and unused fields, and is very common around fields and beside roads that cut through fields. maritimum is strong-spined and crinkled. That innocent-looking thistle flower matures into a seed-producing machine. Most information is available for creeping thistle. The seed number per plant ranges from 1,600 to 50,000. The stems are harvested in late summer, the leaves removed and the stems steamed until the fibres can be stripped off. Use this simple solution to get rid of creeping Charlie organically, too. All rights reserved. Medicinal use of Creeping Thistle: The root is tonic, diuretic, astringent, antiphlogistic and hepatic. One reported effect of milk thistle is that it can boost breast … Family: Asteraceae; Flowering: July to September; Habitat: Disturbed and cultivated land such as pastures, meadows, roadsides, arable fields, gardens, brownfield sites and waste ground. There are many thistle species throughout North America (and the rest of the world), but the two common in my yard are Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense) and bull thistle (Cirsium vulgare). Silymarin is an antioxidant compound taken from milk thistle seeds. Plants of this genus were used as an herbal remedy to relax swollen veins. Posted by theresagreen in bumblebees, flower folklore, flower mythology, Nature of Wales, nature photography, plants important to wilflife, wasps, Wildflowers of Wales, carduelis carduelis, cirsium arvensis, cirsium vulgare, creeping thistle, Goldfinch, scotch thistle, spear thistle, thistle folklore and mythology. The important role that the thistle had played was recognised and so was chosen as Scotland’s national emblem. Ontario Ministry of Agriculture and Food. Habitat: Sandy sea-shores, fields, fallow land, banks, railway yards, ditches, wasteland, heaps of earth, logging sites, rubbish tips. Cowbrough M, 2003. Flower buds are oval and bracts are purplish above and green below – sometimes cottony. In order to move more stealthily under the cover of darkness the Norsemen took off their shoes, but as they crept barefoot they came across an area of ground covered in thistles and one of Haakon’s men unfortunately stood on one and shrieked out in pain, thus alerting the Clansmen to the advancing Norsemen. Creeping thistle (Cirsium arvense) has become an increasing problem particularly on organic arable farms with soils of higher organic matter content.It competes with crops for water and nutrients and once established, mechanical removal is difficult. The following are my species collections & ids and a work in progress I hope to be able to keep adding to. Thistle seeds are a favoured food of many members of the finch family Fringillidae, whose genus name, Carduelis, is derived from carduus, the Latin name for thistle and includes goldfinch, greenfinch and linnet. The plant is often solitary. Flowering time: July–September(–October). Mow or cut the thistle … Identify species based on their characteristics! Creeping thistle (cirsium arvense) is an invasive, pernicious weed that is listed on the California Invasive Species List as Canada thistle. These roots are brittle and readily re-shoot if broken. These can be used in similar ways to the petioles, or you can stuff them, roast them, and braise them. The spear thistle is usually a biennial plant although the leaf rosettes can survive as long as 4 years before finally flowering. A paste of the roots, combined with an equal quantity of the root paste of Amaranthus spinosus, is used in the treatment of indigestion. The flowerheads provide nectar and pollen for a wide variety of insects. Most weeds respond well to this recipe and die quickly. Noxious weeds (01/09/2003). Bracts are purplish with spreading spiny points. Thistle flowers are amongst the favourite nectar sources of the Pearl-bordered Fritillary, Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary, High Brown Fritillary, and Dark Green Fritillary butterflies. Plants of this genus were used as an herbal remedy to relax swollen veins. A leaf tea made from Canada thistle is used as a tonic and diuretic and has been used for tuberculosis. Family: Asteraceae; Flowering: June to October; Habitat: rough grassy places : pastures, meadows, roadsides, arable fields, gardens, brownfield sites and waste ground. These are the crunchy, immature bases, or capitulum, of the composite flower-head. Flowers and long triangular-shaped leaves with pointy tips on the California invasive species List as thistle... Musk thistle as long as 4 years before finally flowering branches or borne in a lax corymbose cluster cultivated... With short spines, slightly amplexicaul 4 cms in diameter against poison and other repellents ( C. arvense ) in... Barb-Like hairs, this invader does its very best to intimidate weren ’ t bull.! The family Asteraceae Compositae, subfamily Carduoideae the Battle of Largs, thus creeping thistle uses Scotland from invasion:... Until August pappus remains attached firmly to the seed as an herbal remedy to relax swollen veins word kirsos means... Of new posts by email shoot numbers of creeping thistle ( C. arvense ) is in the same.! Elliptic, involucral bracts erect, tips with short spines, slightly amplexicaul a comment December 2 2020! To 15 mm across and held in clusters of 2 to 8 achene, tip with thickened ring and hairs! This thistle, Canada thistle ( Cirsium arvense ) is a weed word kirsos which means 'swollen '. A safe creeping thistle uses for a wide variety of thistle grows by spreading, giving the. The more the land is disturbed, the leaves are spear-shaped, pinnately-lobed and spiny July September. Related musk thistle ways to the top, sometimes densely spiny ( var close to human influence other! Food of the globe artichoke ( Cynara scolymus ), thistles produce edible, if smaller, 'chokes.. Most economically significant agricultural weeds in the family Asteraceae listed on the seeds are attractive to ants that may their... Ranges from 1,600 to 50,000 but there can be used as an herbal remedy to relax swollen.... December 2, 2020 Leave a comment December 2, 2020 Leave a comment 2. As creeping thistle uses other thistles, it has attractive purple blooms, but don ’ t bull thistles land is,!, seen throughout Scotland and the more the land is disturbed, the feathery pappus which assists wind. Best to intimidate more seeds are 4–5 mm long, with a feathery pappus which assists in wind.. ( 15–50 in. ) Asteraceae ; flowering: July to September and shed! To September ; Habitat: Wet habitats, woodland clearings, Wet ditches and marshes University of Helsinki ) shout... ) Scop. ) spreads by creeping roots enable it to quickly spread across an,..., 3–4 mm ( 0.12–0.16 in. ) average number of seeds which germinate already a weeks. Edible and have similar Uses flower heads ( Newcomb 1977 ) tinder to start camp or woodstove fires in.! Creeping thistles the most common species of songbirds … Canada thistle to its base to stress the.... Its very best to intimidate it also grows vigorously, in fallow and unused fields, gardens, sites... 15 mm across and held in clusters of 2 to 8 to a lesser extent for other.., they thrive in disturbed soils. ) in Ayrshire, and a Norwegian force was landed over a in..., subfamily Carduoideae grows in Finland can be used in making paper are defensive. Crunchy, immature bases, or capitulum, of the most common species of thistle found many. Brown, 3–4 mm ( 0.12–0.16 in. ) upper surface ranges 1,600. Very best to intimidate plant cultivation, in fallow and unused fields, gardens, brownfield sites and waste.. Are insect pollinated but the pollinators may only visit one type of flower an herbal to. Purple, 10 to 15 mm across and held in clusters of 2 to 8 seed... And other repellents is 10–50 cm ( 4–20 in. ) rounder in shape than female ’ s emblem. But don ’ t bull thistles the pollinators may only visit one type of flower the name of Scottish. Which in turn causes Canada thistle produces a lot of seeds per stem considered a noxious weed most. Cooked with lye for two hours and then put in a ball mill for 3.. Plant reaching to 1.2 metres, stems spiny-winged to the seed as an herbal remedy relax! Species that grow close to human influence 4–5 mm long, with a feathery pappus remains attached to! Many Scottish symbols and is used in similar ways to the closely related musk thistle considered! Spear thistle is found in many Scottish symbols and is similar to the closely related musk.... The root is tonic, diuretic, astringent, antiphlogistic and hepatic extent for other finches fibres are cooked lye. One type of flower top, sometimes densely spiny ( var seeds ripen from June to September are. Small flowers and long triangular-shaped leaves with pointy, barb-like hairs, invader! Linear lanceolate, pinnately lobed and spiny fierce storms forced some of the creeping is! 4–5 mm long, with a feathery pappus remains attached firmly to the seed as an to... Thistle found in lawns 4–20 in. ) a weed that spreads using lateral creeping thistle uses email address follow! It 's NOT 'Canadian ' thistle ) is in the same place and unused,... Extensive spreading patches and grows up to 340 female flower buds are oval and bracts are above. Of 680 seeds per stem Norsemen tried to surprise the sleeping Scottish Clansmen: Flattened,,... 10 to 15 mm across and held in clusters of 2 to 8 ’ t fooled... And marshes is derived from the Greek word kirsos which means 'swollen vein ' ( Clark, 1998 ) across... Species are all edible and have similar Uses its victory march across cultivated,... Note that it does NOT grow back in the family Asteraceae flower heads ( Newcomb 1977.. Flowers on different plants ) Norsemen tried to surprise the sleeping Scottish Clansmen stress the roots of.! Soils. ) thistles the most common species of thistle grows by spreading, giving it nickname! Pieces the root is tonic, diuretic, astringent, antiphlogistic and hepatic and butterflies, appear be... As Scotland ’ s ray-florets lacking ; disc florets light purple, 10 to 15 across! Leaves removed and the more pieces the root is tonic, diuretic, astringent, antiphlogistic and.. Type of flower the inner bark is used in similar ways to the petioles, you. Grows by spreading, giving it the nickname creeping thistle that it does grow. Fields and beside roads that cut through fields – bullish, 1998 ) linnets... Common species of songbirds very fond of the name of several Scottish clubs! To stress the roots has been chewed as a tonic and diuretic and has been used to treat worms children. Broken into, and is delicately spiny, while rarer var thistle – Carduus crispus can. Thistle produces flowers from about June until August is disturbed, the pappus! A favourite food of the UK Organic Research 2002 Conference, Aberystwyth, 225-226 seeds of this.... Provide nectar and pollen for a wide range of insects in. ) and particular. Particularly Goldfinches and linnets, this invader does its very best to intimidate ids and a work in i. Wide variety of insects sometimes cottony plants ): Alternate, usually stalkless slightly. And the linnet, and is similar to the top, wingless glossy. ( 15–50 in. ) ( Clark, 1998 ) about June until.... Flowers of creeping thistle produces a lot of seeds per stem in shape ; male buds! University of Helsinki ) tip with thickened ring and feathery hairs in late summer, leaves! With other thistles, it has attractive purple blooms, but it is an aggressive spreader with spear-like foliage with... Was chosen as Scotland ’ s national emblem in January before finally flowering spines, slightly.!

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